Rose essential oil (Rose Damascene) known as the Damask Rose not only smells beautiful, but it also has health benefits as well. Dating back thousands of years our ancestors used it for health benefits along with beauty treatments. Rose Damascena is one of the most important species of Rosaceae family mainly known for its perfuming. Its major products are rose water and essential oil.
Roses have 2 types of oil. One being Steam Distilled Rose Essential Oil is known as Rose Otto and the second is Solvent Extracted Rose Oil is known as Rose Absolute. Rose absolute is not technically an essential oil but contains some of the same properties, However, Rose Otto is the preferred oil for topical aromatherapy because the Rose Absolute may contain residual amounts of solvents.
Rose Oil is extracted by steam distillation of fresh Rose (Rosa damascena) and is composed of hundreds of components.
Rose Oil contains components such as terpenes, glycosides, flavonoids, and anthocyanins that have beneficial effects on human health. Here is a list of the major contributors Citronellol, Citral, Carvone, Citronellyl Acetate, Eugenol, Ethanol, Farnesol, Stearpoten, Methyl Eugenol, Nerol, Nonanol, Nonanal, Phenyl Acetaldehyde, Phenylmenthyl Acetate and Phenyl Geraniol.
- Antidepressant – A study stated that the use of rose oil in aromatherapy, such as causing relief of depression and stress in humans. Giving routine doses of rose oil have shown over time has benefited many people.
- Anti -Diabetic – The methanol extract of this plant significantly decreased blood glucose with malt sugar in normal and diabetic rats.
- HIV – Rose Oil has shown antiviral activity of main components of rose essential oil, citronellol, geraniol was confirmed against HSV-1, Haemophilus parainflunzae.
- Anti-Bacterial – Rose damascena petals were evaluated and showed aiding in 2 strains of viruses: Staph and Aureus.
- Anti-Oxidant – Rose damascena has high antioxidant activities. In a study, it showed that there was free radical scavenging activity and by ferric ammonium thiocyanate method for evaluation of lipid peroxidation properties.
- Laxative – Rose Damascena increased feces water content and the frequency of defecation making it great for a laxative with people who suffer from constipation.
- Anti-inflammatory – Containing Vitamin C a study conducted showed that it wasn’t the oil that had the anti-inflammatory effect, but the extract did.
- Skin Care – Rose Oil has been used for thousands of years in fading acne, scars, boils, stretch marks, pox, and surgery scars. It is also beneficial for itchy and inflamed skin as an anti-inflammatory. It is also beneficial for sagging loose skin in firming and toning.
- Anti-Convulsant – Rose oil delays the start of epileptic seizures and decreases the duration of tonic-clonic (involves the entire body) seizures.
Do not ingest or apply essential oils directly on your skin without the advice of your healthcare professional as pure essential oils are highly concentrated liquids and may cause harm.
I always suggest using a carrier oil such as jojoba with Rose oil.