Whether you just came back from filling up the SUV with all new vegetable plants in containers or seeds, you still might want to glance at this article because it may benefit you. If you are planting a big garden or a small garden organic gardening is not as difficult as you might think it is. In anything, if you know what you are doing, it is a very exciting experience.
The tips listed below will help you not fail in your first organic vegetable garden.
Deciding What to Grow
When thinking about where you would like to put your garden, it is important to know how much sun it will receive and need daily. All growing plants depend on light. Sunlight is a critical component of the photosynthesis of the plant structure.
Choosing a spot to plant
Choose a spot that gets at least 6 hours per day. The closer your garden is to a source of water, the better it will be. Make sure you purchase some organic soil at your local gardening center or if you have your own, that is great.
Planting seeds or plants
Read seed packages to determine how far in advance the seeds need to be planted to time them for moving outdoors after the last frost date.
Always plant more than you anticipate on eating. With weather and pests, you can lose a garden very quickly. Don’t overdo it of course, but just some extras, just in case.
Determine when to plant seeds according to what growing zone you live in. You will also need to know the chemical symbols for Nitrogen (N) potassium (K) and phosphorus (P). These are the three important macronutrients plants need. You will see the N-P-K ratio listed on fertilizer packages. You will first start by filling a tray with soil. Then use your hand to level the soil. Then you need to compact the soil by pressing on it or using a flat board. Moisten the soil, sow the seeds, cover the seeds with soil and then compact the soil.
You may want to cover the seeds with plastic wrap to keep them warm depending on the temperature you are keeping them at. Plastic wrap keeps the humidity in and keeps the seeds warm so make sure you watch them closely so they don’t get overheated.Once you plant the seeds they will eventually sprout and once they do, there is no more need for keeping the seeds warm with a plastic wrap.
If you are planting an already grown plant, make sure you dig the hole big enough (but not too big) for your plant. Make sure you space them accordingly to how big they become.Plant in sunlight. Remember plants need at least 6 hours of direct sunlight.
It is important to revitalize your soil depending on your planting season. Plants need the proper nutrients to grow abundantly. Plants lose nutrients in the soil after a period of time, so make sure you are keeping up on the nourishment they need. Make sure you know at what time frame they need the most nourishment.
You will also need to have mulch. Mulch helps the moisture stay in the soil and protecting it from the sun and drying up your soil.
It is important to know that when you grow a garden it is important to not just grow the vegetables but to have flowers and herbs next to them as well so that pests don’t zero in on just your garden.
There are also many ways to make your own organic pesticide. One that I use is mixing organic castile soap and water and spraying the plants with them every other day and that works well for where I live. You could also try hot pepper sprays or horticultural oil.
Other things to plant behind garden
If you are looking to plant vines for height in the background of a flower garden, for example, plant them next to a fence so that they can grow upward and create some shade for the foods you planted if needed.
It is also important to know that you should move your plants to different spots every year. This prevents disease from spreading because your soil didn’t have enough time to build up harmful organisms. Planting in the same spot year after year is what causes this.
Plants are often watered too much and when this happens the nutrients from the soil cannot be absorbed through the root.
This does take time and patience, but I guarantee that the rewards are even better.