Beetroot is rich in valuable nutrients and fiber-like protein, fiber, magnesium, vitamin B6, vitamin A, vitamin C phosphorus, zinc, potassium, copper, and manganese, calcium, iron and high in nitrates. Beetroot is also rich in phytochemical compounds that include ascorbic acid, phenolic acids, flavonoids, and carotenoids. Beetroot also has highly bioactive pigments, known as betalains. Beets are known for having the most betalains in any vegetable. There are 2 categories of betalains.
- Betacyanin pigments are a red-violet color
- Betaxanthin pigments are yellow-orange in color
Recent studies at the National Center of Biotechnology Information (NCBI), have compelling evidence from studies that beetroot ingested offers beneficial physiological effects for improving hypertension, atherosclerosis dementia, and type 2 diabetes. Beets also are known for aiding in the list below:
- Lower blood pressure – Studies have shown that drinking the juice from beets lowers blood pressure in a matter of hours. The nitrates in beets turn into nitric oxide reduce and dilate your blood vessels enabling them to relax.
- Anti-cancer properties – The nitrates in the beets turn into nitric oxide(NO). clinical trials on NO show that it has antiproliferative properties that have a lot of potential in cancer therapeutics, which you can read more about here.
- Antioxidant – Betalains are potent as an antioxidant
- Detoxing – Betalains are shown to help in detoxing the body.
- Anti-inflammatory – Betalains and beetroot extracts are potent anti-inflammatory agents.
- Boost Stamina- the NCBI conducted a test on 11 men and it proved that beetroot boosts stamina.
- Help your liver – In a study done beetroot juice has shown to decrease levels and activities of the majority of tested biochemical parameters, elevated by DMBA(carcinogen).
- Cognition – By increasing blood flow in older adults beet, high nitrates in beetroot have shown to improve cognition in the elderly.